Truesdale's family denied he was a member of any paramilitary group, but he is listed in CAIN as a member of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA). 26 May 1993: a British soldier was wounded in an IRA attack in East Belfast. The Free State government acts against those opposed to the Treaty and civil war breaks out in the south. 23 August 1990: the IRA attacked an RUC station in Pomeroy, County Tyrone, while several employees of an outside contractor were working at the station. The Civil War split the IRA. 13 May 1990: 7 people were hurt after a bomb exploded at Army education corps headquarters in England. 29 July 1994: Up to 46 people were injured when the IRA fired three mortar bombs into Newry RUC base; 38 civilians, three RUC officers and five British soldiers were among the wounded. 21 December 1992: an IRA bomb failed to explode in an electronics shop on the Ormeau Road, Belfast. The patrol were in pursuit of a man who had been acting suspiciously when a single high velocity shot was fired by a sniper who is believed to have been in a nearby vehicle. 3 August 1990: the British Army defused a 600 lb (270 kg) bomb on a trailer in Rasharkin, County Antrim. 8 July 1994: two British soldiers were injured when their patrol vehicle was hit by an IRA rocket in the Suffolk area of Belfast. The Anglo-Irish Treaty arose from the Irish War of Independence, fought between Irish separatists (organised as the Irish Republic) and the British government, from 1919-1921. 21 June 1990: a 10 lb (4.5 kg) IRA bomb exploded in Dungannon, County Tyrone. 19 June 1991: two civilians were slightly injured after the IRA fired a rocket at RUC officers in Derry city centre. Another seaborne expedition to Mayo in the west secured government control over that part of the country. The Anti-Treaty IRA executive met on 26 March in county Tipperary to discuss the war’s future. 16 April 1991: the IRA bombed Shorts Aircraft factory in Belfast. These anti-treaty Republicans wanted to spark a new armed confrontation with the British, which they hoped would unite the two factions of the IRA against their common enemy. 17 October 1993: a man was shot and seriously injured at his home in South Belfast. One RUC officer was injured. 1 July 1991: an IRA bomb left behind an RAF careers office in Preston, England was defused. 2 August 1992: a British soldier was wounded in a gun battle with the IRA in Pomeroy, County Tyrone. 25 February 1993: an RUC officer (Jonathan Reid) was shot dead by a sniper while on joint British Army and RUC foot patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. Remember Fontenoy: The 69th New York and the Irish Brigade in the Civil War. For instance, in County Sligo, 54 people died in the conflict of whom all but 8 had been killed by the end of September. In January 1922 the representatives of the southern counties of Ireland accepted the Anglo-Irish Treaty. 23 September 1996: a man escaped an attack by DAAD gunmen by jumping out a window in the Roden Street area of Belfast. The Irish Civil War lasted for almost a year and cost the lives of over 900 people. A barrack-buster mortar projectile, fired from the back of a local baker's delivery van, exploded on the helipad shortly after the pilot had managed to take off. 29 March 1990: a 200 lb (91 kg) IRA bomb extensively damaged Tennent Street RUC station in Belfast. All were discovered before they exploded. 23 October 1990: a UVF member (William Aitken) was shot dead by the IRA on the. 2 July 1992: the IRA admitted responsibility for the killing of three men, whose bodies were found at different roadsides in County Armagh. 18 October 1992: a bomb hidden in a coach explodes outside a hotel in Hammersmith, west London. 3 April 1991: a British army patrol was left unharmed by an explosion in South Armagh. The conflict was between two opposing groups of Irish republicans over the Anglo-Irish Treaty. The Anglo-Irish Treaty did not end the violence. Irish Civil War A June general election in the Free State is won by those supporting the Anglo-Irish Treaty. 5 January 1991: a factory and six shops in Belfast were destroyed by incendiary devices planted by the IRA. A Protestant teenager was shot in the shoulder. 23 March 1998: Volunteers from the Provisional IRA South Armagh Brigade assisted dissident republicans in a mortar attack on a security base at Forkhill, according to Toby Harnden. 10 March 1993: Former UDR soldier Philip Martin escaped injury when he was shot at outside his home in Pomeroy, County Tyrone, while in company of his two children. 9 October 1992: A bomb exploded outside a Belfast bank, causing minor damage. 6 November 1990: the IRA claimed they attempted to launch a mortar attack against the security forces base at Drumadd, Armagh City but the four devices failed to explode. 1 May 1992: a British soldier (Andrew Grundy) was killed and 23 others were wounded when the IRA used an improvised unmanned. 20 February 1994: the IRA attacked eleven commercial premises in Belfast with firebombs, including several supermarkets and an electrical store. 24 February 1993: an RUC officer (Reginald Williamson) was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb attached to his car, which exploded while he travelled along Lislasley Road, near Loughgall, County Armagh. 28 June 1991: an IRA bomb was defused at a theatre in, 29 June 1991: Ulster Democratic Party member and UDA/UFF commander Cecil McKnight was shot dead by the IRA in the Waterside area of Derry City. The explosion caused the car to burst into flames and roll down a hill where it hit another vehicle which also burst into flames. There were no casualties. 26 February 1993: a 66 year old Protestant woman was critically injured after gunmen fired through a window of her home in Armagh town after mistaking her for a police detective. 23 January 1993: an off-duty British soldier and a gunman were injured in a shoot-out at. 27 January 1992: a civilian was injured when an IRA bomb exploded at the bottom of Rockdale Street in Belfast. Collins reluctantly agreed. They also took a handful of armoured cars from British troops as they were evacuating the country. 14 October 1991: a ten-minute gun battle erupted between British soldiers and IRA volunteers at Derryvollen, County Fermanagh. In this period, the republicans also managed several relatively large-scale attacks on rural towns, involving several hundred fighters. 2 August 1992: two bombs, each estimated at around 200 lb (91 kg), exploded on Bedford Street in the centre of Belfast. 30 July 1999: Charles Bennett was shot in a punishment attack outside a GAA club in West Belfast. A group of gunmen claiming to be members of the UVF had forcibly occupied a house opposite the home of a senior loyalist on Upper Glenfarne Street. 13 January 1992: an IRA booby-trap bomb killed a Catholic civilian, Michael Logue, in. 10 June 1992: a small IRA bomb exploded in Wilcox Place, London. The Irish Civil War (June 1922-May 1923) was fought by two strands of Irish Nationalists - those who supported and those who opposed the Anglo-Irish Treaty (signed 6 December 1921). 12 February 1994: a bomb was thrown at British troops by an IRA unit near Cookstown, County Tyrone, but the device failed to explode. 8 January 1993: a British Army post was hit by two IRA mortar bombs and a Lynx helicopter attacked with machine-gun fire at the border near. Lacey had been the head of the IRA’s 2nd Southern Division and his death crippled the Republican’s cause in the Tipperary/Waterford area. A similar sweep in Connemara in county Mayo in late November captured Anti-Treaty column commander Michael Kilroy and many of his fighters. 21 May 1991: the IRA carried out a gun and rocket attack on an RUC patrol vehicle in the Unity Flats area of Belfast. 2 January 1992: an incendiary device exploded in a sportswear shop in Glengormley, County Antrim. 29 January 1992: a bomb exploded on the Dublin-Belfast rail line just outside Belfast. 12 August 1993: five RUC officers and four civilians were wounded in an IRA attack in South Belfast. 11 April 1992: an IRA bomb partially exploded in a shop in Pomeroy, County Tyrone. 15 August 1992: four British soldiers were injured, two seriously, by coffee-jar bombs thrown at a British Army-RUC patrol in the Falls Road area of Belfast. 11 January 1991: the IRA was responsible for several bomb alerts in Belfast, causing widespread disruption. 26 August 1993: the IRA carried out a bomb attack against a joint RUC-British Army convoy as it travelled along Lower Stanfield Street in the Markets area of Belfast. 27 May 1994: an IRA unit raked a British Army checkpoint with gunfire from a van at, 30 May 1994: an IRA unit launched a mortar attack on a British Army base in. It was also in this period that the Anti-Treaty IRA began burning the homes of Free State Senators and of many of the Anglo-Irish landed class. Also, several strategic ports were to remain occupied by the Royal Navy. 19 November 1991: a 220 lb (100 kg) IRA car bomb left in Bedford Street in Belfast city centre overnight was defused by the British Army. 2 August 1991: the IRA carried out a blast bomb attack against a joint British Army/RUC patrol on the Springfield Road, Belfast. 9 April 1991: a Protestant civilian, Derek Ferguson, a builder, was shot dead by the IRA at his mobile home on Aughaveagh Road, Coagh, County Tyrone. 17 March 1993: a British soldier (Lawrence Dickson) was shot dead by a sniper in Forkill, County Armagh. 22 January 1992: the IRA planted several bombs inside Derry's city walls. 21 July 1994: an IRA suitcase-bomb was discovered at Reading Railway Station. 15 September 1990: an RUC detective (Louis Robinson) was kidnapped and later shot dead by the IRA in County Armagh. Elsewhere Anti-Treaty units were forced by lack of supplies and safe-houses to disperse into smaller groups, typically of nine to ten men. 1 December 1991: IRA incendiary devices exploded in retail premises in Newtownabbey and Belfast, destroying £500,000 worth of stock. Éamon de Valera stated that he would serve as an ordinary IRA volunteer and left the leadership of the Anti-Treaty Republicans to military leaders such as Liam Lynch, the IRA Chief of Staff. 4 October 1992: a car bomb containing shrapnel exploded in Newry, County Armagh. 15 June 1990: services on the Belfast-Dublin railway line were disrupted by a bomb incident in Lurgan. 12 May 1994: an IRA unit fired a rocket at a British patrol in Poleglass, West Belfast. 16 September 1991: in separate attacks the IRA broke into homes in Upper Charleville Street and Tildarg Avenue in Belfast. In a separate attack, two Protestant civilians, Kenneth Lynn and Stephen Lynn, were killed while renovating a house on Upper Crumlin Road, Belfast, when the IRA attacked their home. 6 May 1993: a British soldier was badly injured in an IRA car-bomb attack in Lurgan. 29 April 1997: Britain's transport industry claimed minimum losses of £30 million after a series of IRA bomb alerts in southern England brought traffic to a standstill. 19 December 1993: an IRA bomb went off near a derelict farm in Pomeroy, County Tyrone. 27 December 1991: a shopper found an incendiary device in the Primark store in Belfast city centre. and Mulvihill,R.F. In addition, the National Army’s operations in the field were slowly but steadily breaking up the remaining Republican concentrations. The government then appointed Collins as Commander-in-Chief of the National Army. He was shot 7 times in the neck and body. The IRA said it carried out the attack because the building firm worked for the security forces. A selection of useful links and Irish history resources: Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Eamon de Valera had not been party to the Treaty and did not support it. 15 March 1991: incendiary devices damaged commercial premises in Newtownabbey, County Antrim, and Bangor County Down. The officer was in the lounge when he was shot in the head by an IRA volunteer and shot again as he lay on the ground. 1 April 1993: a 500 lb IRA bomb left in the back of a car outside a government building in Belfast was defused. Government victories in the major towns inaugurated a period of guerrilla warfare. 19 October 1993: a British soldier was wounded by a blast bomb in Belfast. 6 January 1997: an RUC officer was injured when an IRA rocket hit a security hut at the Royal Courts of Justice in Belfast. The man's father was also assaulted, suffering broken ribs. 31 March 1996: the IRA handed over £20,000 pounds of captured cannabis to a priest in Newry who then handed it over to the RUC. 16 December 1993: two further IRA bombs on the Surrey railway were defused. 10 July 1993: a barn near Dungannon, County Tyrone, was hit by an IRA mortar bomb that appeared to have detonated prematurely. 4 February 1993: a civilian worker was seriously injured after the IRA launched a mortar attack on the joint RUC/British Army barracks in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. 18 January 1997: an IRA unit fired two horizontal mortars at an armoured RUC patrol in Downpatrick, County Down. 20 July 1990: an IRA bomb exploded inside the. 7 May 1992: a civilian passenger of a van was injured during an IRA attack on a British Army patrol in West Belfast. Then in a debate on defence, McEntee suggested that supporting the Army Executive “… even if it meant the scrapping of the Treaty and terrible and immediate war with England, would be better than the civil war which we are beginning at present apparently.” McEntee’s supporters added that the many robberies complained of by Mulcahy on 26 April were caused by the lack of payment and provision by the Dáil to the volunteers. In October 1922, Éamon de Valera and the anti-treaty Teachta Dála (TDs, Members of Parliament) set up their own “Republican government” in opposition to the Free State. 13 October 1991: a 30-strong IRA unit took over the village of Mullaghbawn in south Armagh, handing out leaflets warning of action against those involved in "anti-social activity". 28 September 1992: the IRA shot an alleged informer and left him for dead in Belfast, but he survived eventually survived his wounds. 7 January 1993: the IRA planted two bombs at an oil and gas storage depot in East Belfast. 21 June 1990: a 250 lb (110 kg) IRA bomb was defused in Omagh, County Tyrone. 9 March 1991: an IRA revenge attack targeting senior Loyalists in Portadown, County Armagh believed to be responsible for the Cappagh killings was foiled by the RUC. 30 August 1994: the IRA carried out a bomb attack on an RUC base at Springfield Road, Belfast. Also known internationally as the Northern Ireland conflict, it is sometimes described as an "irregular war" or "low-level war". 12 December 1991: the IRA injured a British soldier in a gun attack in South Armagh. Both devices failed to explode. Meanwhile, under the leadership of Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith, the pro-treaty Provisional Government set about establishing the Irish Free State, and organised the National Army – to replace the IRA – and a new police force. However, on the advice of General Nevil Macready, who commanded the British garrison in Dublin, the plan was cancelled at the last minute. Two IRA members fired a shotgun at the patrol from a house whose inhabitants they held captive. 24 January 1991: an IRA unit threw an explosive device at a British Army base in. “I… do solemnly swear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of the Irish Free State as by law established, and that I will be faithful to His Majesty King George V, his heirs and successors by law in virtue of the common citizenship of Ireland with Great Britain and her adherence to and membership of the group of nations forming the British Commonwealth of nations”. 27 January 1990: an IRA van bomb damaged an RUC station in Lisbellaw, County Fermanagh. 1 October 1993: an IRA bomb exploded in the premises of a hotel in Markethill, County Armagh. 13 January 1997: an IRA unit fired a horizontal mortar at a joint British Army/RUC patrol on Kennedy Way in Belfast. 6 July 1997: an RUC patrol manning a mobile checkpoint on a bridge over the river Lagan in Lower Ormeau was engaged with an AK-47 rifle by a lone IRA volunteer, according to republican reports. Republicans, particularly supporters of the Provisional IRA referred to the conflict as ‘the war’, and portrayed it as a guerrilla war of … 6 January 1993: a 25 lb (11 kg) explosive device detonated in Dungannon, County Tyrone, causing minor damage and no victims. 24 January 1994: incendiary bombs were found in a hardware store in Derry. Hogan himself however did not participate in the Civil War. 5 January 1997: a 250 lb (110 kg) bomb was defused near Cullyhanna, County Armagh. 12 August 1992: the IRA shot dead a former IRA member they accused of being an informer in Belfast. 2 April 1990: a 500 lb (230 kg) IRA van bomb was defused by a controlled explosion outside Fort George British Army base in Derry. 16 January 1994: seven men were arrested after an IRA. Clip from RTE from around 1998, detailing The Civil War.Introduced by Brian Farrell 19 October 1992: the British Army carried out a controlled explosion of a suspect car at Dukes Hotel, Belfast. 1 January 1991: a gunfight erupted between an IRA unit and British soldiers at a border Army checkpoint at. 30 July 1992: an improvised grenade was thrown at a mobile patrol behind Castle Court shopping in Belfast. 2 December 1993: a British soldier (Paul Garrett) was shot dead by a sniper while on foot-patrol, Victoria Street. The Irish Civil War (Irish: Cogadh Cathartha na hÉireann; 28 June 1922 – 24 May 1923) followed the Irish War of Independence.It went along with the beginning of the Irish Free State.It was independent from the United Kingdom but stayed a part of the British Empire.. While in some places the Republicans had put up determined resistance, nowhere were they able to defeat regular forces armed with artillery and armour. 22 June 1992: a British army patrol was fired upon by an IRA sniper in Cookstown, County Tyrone. 2 January 1993: a coffee-jar bomb was thrown at another joint British Army/RUC in the Creggan area of Derry. 14 May 1990: a joint British Army/RUC patrol came under rocker attack in west Belfast. 28 May 1991: IRA members opened fire on the car of a Protestant woman in Pomeroy, County Tyrone. 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